Places to visit: Tuva republic, Russia
Good day, dear friends and readers!
Today I would like to introduce to you Tuva republic in Siberian region of Russia. It lies in the geographical center of Asia, in southern Siberia. The republic borders with the Altai Republic, the Republic of Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Irkutsk Oblast, and the Republic of Buryatia in Russia and with Mongolia to the south. The capital is Kyzyl.
From 1921 until 1944, Tuva constituted a sovereign, independent nation, under the name of Tannu Tuva – officially, the Tuvan People’s Republic, or People’s Republic of Tannu Tuva. The independence of Tannu Tuva, however, was only recognized by its then neighbors the Soviet Union and Mongolia.
Forests, mountains, and steppe make up a large part of the geography of Tuva.
A majority of the people are Tyvans, but Russian is also spoken extensively. Tuva is governed by the Great Khural which elects a chairman for a four-year term. The current chairman is Sholban Kara-ool.
There are over 8,000 rivers in the republic. The area includes the upper course of the Yenisei River, the fifth longest river in the world. Most of the republic’s rivers are Yenisei tributaries. There are also numerous mineral springs in the area.
Also there are numerous lakes on the republic’s territory, many of which are glacial and salt lakes.
The area of the republic is a mountain basin, ca. 600 m high, encircled by the Sayan and Tannu-Ola ranges. Mountains and hills cover over 80% of the republic’s territory. Mount Mongun-Tayga ‘Silver Mountain’ (3,970 m) is the highest point in the republic and is named from its glacier.
Tyva is a region with a unique history, culture and nature. All native zones of the Earth except savanna (even rain forest) are featured in Tyva. Tyva is well known for its spa-tourism. There are more than 100 mineral springs in Tyva. The biggest of them are the warm mineral springs Ush-Beldir and Tarys, the temperature of the water is 52-85 °C. Cold mineral springs and salty lakes are popular among tourists and the general population for their medicinal qualities. The geographical location of Tyva between the east-Siberian taiga and central-Asian landscape engenders a wealth of flora and fauna. More than 90% of the territory is chase. Rare animals such as sable, lynx, wolverine, weasel, maral, Siberian ibex, and musk deer are only the part of Tyvan fauna.
Historical objects and ethnic culture are of interest: traditional habitat – yurts, national cuisine and handicraft, tuvan throat singing khomeii, national sports – wrestling competition Khuresh and horse riding. Annual festival “Ustuu-Khuree” and Naadym are of interest to tourists.
What do you think of this place? 🙂 Let me know, in the comments section.